In addition to the child to be adopted, there are two parties in the adoption process: the parents who will adopt the child (also known as petitioners) and the birth (biological) parents. In Missouri children may be placed for adoption by their birth parents, a licensed adoption agency, the Children’s Division, or an attorney, physician or clergyman. The state oversees the adoption process and strives to make sure everything is in the best interests of the child.
Who Can Adopt?
Children can be placed for adoption independently or through an agency. The most common type of adoption occurs when a stepparent adopts the child or children of their partner. Grandparents or other close relatives also commonly adopt their grandchildren, nieces or nephews, etc. Children in the foster system can be adopted by their foster parents as well.
No matter the relationship of the adoptive parents to the child, they must be over 21 years old and considered eligible to adopt. In Missouri, eligibility can depend on the adoptive parents’ mental and physical health, income and criminal background. Antidiscrimination laws apply. If you’re adopting a child from a different state or country, there might be additional legal requirements.
The Adoption Process
There are two main parts to the adoption process in Missouri. First, the court transfers custody to the adoptive parents and terminates the birth parents’ parental rights. Then, after the adoptee has been in the legal custody of the adoptive parents for six months, a final hearing is held. After this, the adoption is legally complete.
Missouri has state laws that regulate adoptions, but different cities and counties within the state can have varying processes that need to be followed. Adoptive parents can choose to file a petition in family or juvenile court in any of the following counties: where they live, where the birth parents live, where the adoptee was born, or where the adoptee currently lives. It’s usually best to make sure your attorney practices adoption law in the county where you’ll be filing. Clients in Columbia, Boone County, XXX, can rest easy knowing I have the experience necessary to navigate the adoption processes in those courts.Through the court you can modify support if there is a change in circumstances that results in an increase or decrease of 20% from the original calculated figure. It is best to consult with an attorney to determine a successful path that is most beneficial to you and your children.